VANAGON

The Subaru Legacy engine is the ideal replacement for a Volkswagen Vanagon Wasserboxer. They fit under the engine lid and provide a good increase in power with no loss in gas mileage. The California Air Resources Board has accepted our test results and has issued an Executive Order # D-428-2. This avoids the hassel with a BAR referee, but you still need to visit your local smog station.

 

VANAGON

SUBARU

ENGINE COMPARISON

'80-83

'83-85

'86-91

'90-94

Displacement

1970

1913

2109

2216

Horsepower

67

82

90

130

Torque, ft. lb. @RPM

101 @ 3000

105 @ 2600

117 @ 3200

137 @ 4400

Compression ratio

7.3/1

7.3/1

9.0/1

9.5/1

Octane requirement

87

87

87

87

Computer controlled

yes

yes

yes

yes

Valves per cylinder

2

2

2

4

Counterbalanced crank

no

no

no

yes

Engine cost, typical

$1600

$3000 rebuilt

$3000 rebuilt

$1000 used

Adaption package

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$1750 approx

In Calif.

A used Subaru engine from a wrecking yard will probably outlast several rebuilt VW engines, and would be cheap to replace if necessary.

Most systems on the Van are compatible with this engine such as the stock Vanagon clutch, transaxle strength and gear ratio, radiator, fuel pump and power steering. The Vanagon catalytic converter and muffler can be retained except in California or other strict states. The '85 and earlier Vanagon starter is low on torque so we suggest our gear reduction one.

The biggest part of this project is tearing up the whole Subaru automobile harness to salvage the 60 computer wires. We provide five pages of instructions and a 6 foot long drawing.

Vanagon, aircooled, manual

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Vanagon, waterboxer, manual

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Vanagon, waterboxer, automatic

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R = required NA = not available 

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S = suggested -- = not necessary

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Prices

Basic kit for automatic; adapter plate, flexplate, bolts

R

--

--

480

 

Basic kit for manual; adapter plate, flywheel, pilot bearing, bolts

--

R

R

540

 

Starter motor for automatic, suggested for 80-85 Van

S

--

--

185

 

Starter motor for Manual, suggested for 80-85 Van

--

S

S

225

 

Wiring instructions. 5 pages plus 6 ft. long drawing of harness

S

S

S

20

 

Intake air duct specify '80-83 air or '83+, not needed on Syncro 4WD

R

R

R

25

 

Engine crossmember, fits to Subaru rubber mounts. Specify: 80-83 , '83+ or 4WD

R

R

R

120

 

Heat shield. 33" x 8" steel replaces part of original Vanagon shield. '83+

S

S

NA

18

 

Exhaust header - option Jet Coat (rust inhibitor) add $70

S

S

S

240

 

49 State Approved Catalytic converter and muffler

(California Approved Cat & Muffler Assembly is $60 additional)

S

S

S

230

 

Radiator petcocks and fitting. Simplifies bleeding system.

S

S

--

35

 

Throttle bracket

S

NA

NA

20

 

Air filter and intake muffler

S

S

S

130

 

Power steering hose ($25 core charge included)

S

S

S

125

 

Total cost of required and suggested items: (Please Note: California is an additional $60)

1628

1708

1655

 

 

If your van is '86 or newer, deduct the starter. We offer a 49 State approved catalytic converter and muffler, but if you are in California, you must add $60 to the cat and muffler for a specific California approved catalytic converter. You are welcome to fabricate the heat shield, etc. You will need to fabricate some brackets, water connecting lines and throttle cable connector for the manual shift van.

The oil pan reduces ground clearance almost 3" and can be shortened for appearance or for off road use (we do this for $300). You need to send us your oil pan, dip stick tube and pick up tube to be modified (For a credit of $50 for the core charge). The automatic transmission oil cooler needs to be replaced by an air cooled type if you modify the shift points. The temperature gage reads 12F higher than actual, so we suggest a good aftermarket gage and a sensor be added to the water line.

The above information is available in more detail on 6 pages with 13 photos at no charge if you call or send your postal address. For other engine options send $3 for full catalog.

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